Ibrahim al-Fazari (d. 777 C.E.): constructed the first Muslim astrolabe ~750 C.E.
Jabir ibn Hayyan (721-815 C.E.): Also known as Geber in Latin, he is considered by many to be the “father of chemistry.”
Al Khwarizimi (780-850 C.E.): The father of Algebra. The term “algebra” is in fact derived from Khwarizmi’s book on the subject title “Kitab al-Jabr.”
The Banu Musa Brothers (~803-873 C.E.): He authored “The Book of Mechanical Devices” which contains descriptions of about a hundred devices, including trick inventions. They have influenced many aspects of modern technology.
Hunayn ibn Ishaq (809-873 C.E.): He had mastered four languages: Arabic, Syriac, Greek, and Persian. His translations were error-free and later translators followed his method widely.
Al Razi (865-925 C.E.): Considered to be among the greatest physicians of all times. Many “firsts” are attributed to him: he accurately differentiated between smallpox and measles and prescribed treatments; in addition, he discovered numerous compounds and chemicals including alcohol and kerosene, among others. He authored over 200 books and articles in various fields of science.
Al Ghazali (1058-1111 C.E.): A renowned Muslim theologian.
Compiled by Saulat Pervez